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Methanol Open Fuel Standard Domestic Oil Biomass
Coal Nuclear Energy Ethanol Bio-Diesel
Natural Gas Electric Vehicles Debunking Limited Resources Debunking Climatism


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   Methanol      Institute for the Analysis of Global Security
   Methanol (not the same as ethanol!) is an alcohol fuel that can be used in flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs). FFVs are designed to operate on alcohol, on gasoline, or on any mixture of the two. Nearly three million FFV's have been manufactured since 1996 (most of them ethanol-gasoline FFVs). The only difference between an FFV and a gasoline-only car is a different control chip in the fuel line and some different fittings, since alcohol is more corrosive than gasoline. The manufacturing cost differential due to these changes is under $100 per vehicle. That cost would be reduced further as volume of FFVs increases, particularly if flexible fuel designs were to become the industry standard. Methanol is generally used as a blend of 85% methanol and 15% gasoline (M-85), but some vehicles can use up to 100% methanol. It is a high performance fuel used by the Indy 500.    Read more : HERE

   Methanol Overview      Element One
   Methanol (methyl alcohol or wood alcohol) is an alternative fuel made from carbonaceous feedstock including woody plant fiber, coal or natural gas. It also can be synthesized from the methane gas in landfills and the anaerobic digestion of sewage and manure.
   Methanol is used primarily as a chemical feedstock. It can also be used as a solvent, as antifreeze in pipelines, windshield washer fluid, and racing fuel. Methanol is one of the most commonly traded commodities internationally and can be found commercially in all regions of the world.    Read more : HERE

   Methanol Transportation Fuel    Methanol Institute
   Alcohol fuels have been used widely in transportation ever since the invention of the internal combustion engine, and continue to be employed today as an alternative to gasoline derived from oil. When Henry Ford first pioneered the production of automobiles in the United States, he created engines designed to run on either gaoline or alcohol fuels. It was only with the wide-spread introduction of cheap gasoline that alcohol fuels were tabled in favor of optimzing engines to run on gasoline.
   Methanol is an ideal fuel for transportation in large part because of its efficient combustion and low cost compared to all other fuels. When combusted, reformulated gasoline produces a number of harmful and toxic byproducts that are reduced or eliminated by replacement with methanol. Emissions of unburned carbons and carbon monoxide are much lower when consuming methanol fuel, and methanol also greatly reduces NOx emissions as well. Methanol also burns with almost no particulate matter - which can lead to respitory problems like asthma. Emissions from methanol fuel are also less reactive, and create less ground-level ozone and smog.    Read more : HERE

   Methanol: The Clear Alternative for Transportation; Methanol Fuel and FFV Technology    Methanol Institute
   What is Methanol?    Also known as wood alcohol, methanol is a convenient liquid fuel that is made from a number of different feedstock resources - natural gas and coal as well as renewable resources like forest thinnings or agricultural waste and even directly from CO2 captured from power plant and factory emissions. Methanol is a basic building block for hundreds of essential chemical commodities that touch our daily lives including building materials, plastic packaging, paints and coatings, even windshield washing fluid. Methanol is also a transportation fuel, a hydrogen carrier for fuel cell technologies, and an efficient fuel for electric power generation. With the chemical structure CH3OH, methanol is the simplest alcohol, with the lowest carbon content and highest hydrogen content of any liquid fuel.    Read more : HERE

   Methanol as an alternative transportation fuel in the US: Options for sustainable and/or energy-secure transportation    L. Bromberga and W.K. Chengb 2010
   Methanol has been promoted as an alternative transportation fuel from time to time over the past forty years. In spite of significant efforts to realize the vision of methanol as a practical transportation fuel in the US, such as the California methanol fueling corridor of the 1990s, it did not succeed on a large scale. This white paper covers all important aspects of methanol as a transportation fuel.    Read more : HERE

   Methanol Fuels and Fire Safety    Environmental Protection Agency
   Projections indicate that casualties would drop dramatically if methanol were substituted for gasoline as the country's primary automotive fuel. Looking just at vehicle fires in which gasoline is the first material to ignite, a switch to methanol could save an estimated 720 lives, prevent nearly 3,900 serious injuries, and eliminate property losses of millions of dollars a year.    Projections indicate that casualties would drop dramatically if methanol were substituted for gasoline as the country's primary automotive fuel. Looking just at vehicle fires in which gasoline is the first material to ignite, a switch to methanol could save an estimated 720 lives, prevent nearly 3,900 serious injuries, and eliminate property losses of millions of dollars a year.    Read more : HERE


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   Coal to Liquids    World Coal Association
   Converting coal to a liquid fuel (CTL) - a process referred to as coal liquefaction - allows coal to be utilised as an alternative to oil. There are two different methods for converting coal into liquid fuels:    Direct liquefaction works by dissolving the coal in a solvent at high temperature and pressure. This process is highly efficient, but the liquid products require further refining to achieve high grade fuel characteristics.    Indirect liquefaction gasifies the coal to form a 'syngas' (a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide). The syngas is then condensed over a catalyst - the "Fischer-Tropsch" process - to produce high quality, ultra-clean products.    Read more : HERE

   Liquid Fuels From U.S. Coal    National Mining Association
   A recent ABC News poll reported a majority of Americans believe rising gasoline prices are causing personal financial hardships and are a potential threat to the long-term durability of the U.S. economy.    This spring, gasoline prices increased at the fastest rate in 50 years.    Read more : HERE

   Gasification Technology R&D    U.S. Department of Energy
   Coal gasification offers one of the most versatile and clean ways to convert coal into electricity, hydrogen, and other valuable energy products.    Coal gasification electric power plants are now operating commercially in the United States and in other nations, and many experts predict that coal gasification will be at the heart of future generations of clean coal technology plants.    Read more : HERE


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   What is Biomass?    Biomass Energy Centre
   Biomass is biological material derived from living, or recently living organisms. In the context of biomass for energy this is often used to mean plant based material, but biomass can equally apply to both animal and vegetable derived material.    Read more : HERE

   EU Study: Methanol from Biomass-Competitive with Gasoline    The Institute for the Analysis for Global Security
   A study of a new patented Swedish technology concluded that the alchohol fuel methanol can be produced from biomass via black liquor gasification at a cost competitive with that of gasoline and diesel. Methanol, also known as wood alchohol, can be used to fuel flexible fuel vehicles, and since it is rich in hydrogen and has physical characteristics similar to gasoline, can also be used as a hydrogen carrier fuel to power fuel cell vehicles.    Read more : HERE

   An Overview of Biomass
   Biomass is the organic matter in trees, agricultural crops and other living plant material. It is made up of carbohydrates- organic compounds that are formed in growing plantlife. Ever since the earliest inhabitants of the region burned wood in their campfires for heat, biomass has been a source of energy for meeting human needs in the Pacific Northwest.    Biomass is solar energy stored in organic matter. As trees and plants grow, the process of photosynthesis uses energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide into carbohydrates (sugars, starches and cellulose). Carbohydrates are the organic compounds that make up biomass. When plants die, the process of decay releases the energy stored in carbohydrates and discharges carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere. Biomass is a renewable energy source because the growth of new plants and trees replenishes the supply.    Read more : HERE


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   Biodiesel industry producing record volumes, fueling job creation    By The National Biodiesel Board | August 16, 2011
   U.S. biodiesel production reached a new monthly high of 81 million gallons in June, according to the latest EPA statistics, marking a third consecutive month of record volumes and continuing a remarkable turnaround in which biodiesel production in the first half of 2011 has already eclipsed production for all of 2010.    Despite the weak economy, the biodiesel industry is on track to produce at least 800 million gallons this year, more than double biodiesel production of 315 million gallons last year, when Congress allowed the biodiesel tax incentive to temporarily lapse. According to a recent economic study, this year's rejuvenated production will support more than 31,000 U.S. jobs and generate income of nearly $1.7 billion to be circulated throughout the economy. It also is expected to generate an estimated $345 million in federal tax revenue and $283 million in state and local tax revenues.    Read more : HERE

   Biodiesel Basics
   What is biodiesel?    Biodiesel is the name of a clean burning alternative fuel, produced from domestic, renewable resources. Biodiesel contains no petroleum, but it can be blended at any level with petroleum diesel to create a biodiesel blend. It can be used in compression-ignition (diesel) engines with little or no modifications. Biodiesel is simple to use, biodegradable, nontoxic, and essentially free of sulfur and aromatics.    Read more : HERE

   Biodiesel Benefits
   The smartest technologies deliver benefits to multiple interests, including an improved economy, and a positive impact on the environment and governmental policies.    The role of the biodiesel industry is not to replace petroleum diesel, but to help create a balanced energy policy with the most benefit to the United States. Biodiesel is one of several alternative fuels designed to extend the usefulness of petroleum, and the longevity and cleanliness of diesel engines.    Read more : HERE

Natural Gas

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   MIT: The Future of Natural Gas    Massachusetts Institute of Technology
   Despite its vital importance to the national economy, natural gas has often been overlooked,or at best taken for granted, in the debate about the future of energy in the U.S. Over the past two or three years this has started to change, and natural gas is finding its place at the heart of the energy discussion.    Read more : HERE

   Natural Gas and the Environment
   Natural gas is an extremely important source of energy for reducing pollution and maintaining a clean and healthy environment. In addition to being a domestically abundant and secure source of energy, the use of natural gas also offers a number of environmental benefits over other sources of energy, particularly other fossil fuels. This section will discuss the environmental effects of natural gas in terms of emissions, as well as the environmental impact of the natural gas industry itself.    Read more : HERE

   Natural Gas: The Fuel of the 21 Century    Encana
   North America boasts a secure long-term supply of unconventional natural gas, an environmentally friendly resource coming into its own as the fuel of choice in a broad range of applications from heating homes, to transportation, to electrical generation. Encana's Eric Marsh, Executive Vice-President, Natural Gas Economy, is leading a team dedicated to expanding the use of this less carbon-intensive, desirable energy option.    Imported oil from OPEC countries results in over $160 billion leaving North America annually. That's why Encana is taking a leading role in natural gas advocacy and expanded use, especially in the transportation and power generation sectors. Natural gas is the clear energy choice in creating a secure and stable energy future.    Read more : HERE


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   About Ethanol    Biofuel Energy Corp.
   Ethanol is a clean-burning, high-octane motor fuel that is produced from renewable sources. At its most basic, ethanol is grain alcohol, produced from crops such as corn. Because it is domestically produced, ethanol helps reduce America's dependence upon foreign sources of energy.    It is important to note that it does not take a special vehicle to run on "ethanol". All vehicles are "ethanol vehicles" and can use up to 10% ethanol with no modifications to the engine. Often people confuse E85 for "ethanol", believing incorrectly that not all vehicles are ethanol-compatible.    Read more : HERE

   Ethanol Facts: Energy Security    Renewable Fuels Association
   The United States is increasingly dependent on imported energy to meet our personal, transportation, and industrial needs. As a domestic, renewable source of energy, ethanol can reduce our dependence on foreign oil and increase the United States' ability to control its own security and economic future by increasing the availability of domestic fuel supplies. By displacing hundreds of millions of barrels of imported oil, the increasing reliance on domestically-produced ethanol is making available billions of dollars for investment in domestic renewable energy technologies. The increased supply of biofuels worldwide is lowering oil demand, while also helping to mitigate the devasting impacts of volatile oil markets.    Read more : HERE

   Brazil's Ethanol Industry    Don Hofstrand, co-director AgMRC, Iowa State University
   Brazil has made great strides in running its economy on renewable energy. Renewable energy represents 46 percent of Brazil's total annual energy supply. By comparison, renewable energy accounts for only seven percent of the U.S. annual supply. The largest source of renewable energy in Brazil is ethanol, accounting for over one-third of Brazil's renewable energy.    In addition, 90 percent of Brazil's electricity comes from renewable sources, predominantly hydroelectricity. By comparison, only nine percent of the U.S. electricity supply is from renewable sources. About half of our electricity is generated from coal.    Read more : HERE

   Drving Ethanol    Growth Energy is a website focused on demonstrating the benefits of ethanol. Learn about where you can find ethanol, how it's made, its positive impact on the environment and our economy, and what needs to be done to further expand the benefits of homegrown ethanol.    Read more : HERE

Nuclear Energy

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   The Economics of Nuclear Power    World Nuclear Association
   Nuclear power is cost competitive with other forms of electricity generation, except where there is direct access to low-cost fossil fuels.    Fuel costs for nuclear plants are a minor proportion of total generating costs, though capital costs are greater than those for coal-fired plants and much greater than those for gas-fired plants.    Read more : HERE

   Nuclear Energy and the Environment    Nuclear Energy Institute
   Nuclear energy is by far the largest clean-air energy source and the only one that can produce large amounts of electricity around the clock. Nuclear energy facilities provide nearly 70 percent of America’s clean-air electricity. Even if carbon dioxide emissions are evaluated on a total life-cycle basis, nuclear energy is comparable to renewable energy sources such as solar, wind and hydropower.    Protecting the environment extends to safely managing used fuel, protecting water quality, and preserving and improving habitat for plants and wildlife. All U.S. nuclear energy facilities have extensive environmental monitoring programs, which are under the oversight of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and state SS regulators.    Read more : HERE

   International Cooperation for Expansion of Nuclear Energy Position Paper    American Nuclear Society.
   Nuclear energy is safe, environmentally friendly, reliable, and affordable. As economies around the world continue to grow, the need for abundant, near-carbon-free, reliable, and low-cost energy resources will grow as well. The United States should work with partnering nations to develop proliferation-resistant recycling technologies to produce more energy, reduce waste, and minimize proliferation concerns. Additionally, these nations should develop a fuel services program to provide nuclear fuel to developing nations. The program would allow cooperating nations to enjoy all the benefits of abundant sources of clean, safe nuclear energy in a cost-effective manner in exchange for their commitment to give up enrichment and reprocessing activities thus alleviating proliferation concerns.    Read more : HERE

Electric Vehicles

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Open Fuel Standard

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   The Solution    Set America Free Coalition
   Oil's status as a strategic commodity - as opposed to just another commodity - derives from its virtual monopoly over transportation fuels. Contrary to popular belief, today only 2% of U.S. electricity is generated from oil, and conversely only 2% of oil demand is due to electricity generation, so changing what we generated electricity from will have very little impact on oil demand.    Two-thirds of U.S. oil consumption is due to the transportation sector, and 97% of our transportation energy is oil based. The best way to break oil's monopoly is to transition to alternative fuels and vehicles that can utilize them, such as flexible fuel vehicles and plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles. These vehicles let consumers and the market choose the winning fuels and feedstocks based on economics.    Read more : HERE

   Welcome to the    Open Fuel Standard
   Welcome to the Open Fuel Standard website. We are dedicated to passing the Open Fuel Standard Act of 2011.    If you want to become more informed about why the Open Fuel Standard is so important, check out our list of recommended books, articles, and online videos here.    Read more : HERE

   The Flex Fuel Answer to OPEC    James Woolsey and Anne Korin
   Last week, President Barack Obama delivered a highly anticipated speech on our country's energy future. His implicit message? "No, we can't."    Oil is a fungible commodity with a global price. Even if the U.S. did not import a drop of oil—or if all, instead of just most, of our imports came from Canada and Mexico—we'd still be vulnerable to the vagaries of the oil market and price manipulation by OPEC. In 2008, when the world price of oil rose to $147 a barrel, truckers in Britain struck against the huge resulting diesel price. The price skyrocketed even though the United Kingdom was then producing virtually all its own oil.    Read more : HERE

Domestic Oil

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   Middle East Chaos Demands U.S. Oil Production    Deroy Murdock
   May we drill now, please?    President Obama can bow before windmills, and Vice President Biden can cheerlead for a shiny, new, national train set. But none of that changes the fact that — like it or not — America relies heavily on oil today, for jobs, commerce, and our very existence. As bad luck would have it, oil comes mainly from an area that is as stable as a prison riot. “Precarious” barely describes America’s predicament. And yet, a huge part of the solution — domestic oil and gas — lies just beneath our feet, if only Uncle Barack would let us open the basement door and light this dormant furnace.    Read more : HERE

   Walk the Talk on Access    Mark Green
   It's not enough to talk a good game. The administration's call for increased domestic oil and natural gas production isn't being matched in terms of granting access to the reserves that would yield the energy America needs now and in the future.    Good energy policy is about clarity and predictability, because exploration and development are expensive and take years to unfold. Delay means lost jobs, energy not brought to the market and tax revenues not deposited in governments' treasuries. That last point is key, as the administration keeps pushing for higher taxes on the major oil and natural gas companies - to reduce the federal deficit!    Read more : HERE

Debunking Limited Resources

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   The Myth-Scarcity: The Reality -- There IS Enough Food    Melissa Moore
   The world today produces enough grain alone to provide every human being on the planet with 3,500 calories a day.1 That’s enough to make most people fat! And this estimate does not even count many other commonly eaten foods—vegetables, beans, nuts, root crops, fruits, grass-fed meats, and fish. In fact, if all foods are considered together, enough is available to provide at least 4.3 pounds of food per person a day. That includes two and half pounds of grain, beans and nuts, about a pound of fruits and vegetables, and nearly another pound of meat, milk and eggs.2    Read more : HERE

   Taking on the overpopulation myth    REVIEWED BY JOSEPH A. D’AGOSTINO
   Unlike almost all other American scholars of the subject, Steven Mosher, president of Population Research Institute and a China expert, does not consider population control to be a worthy goal. Nor does he think population control programs were a necessary expedient whose time has now passed, or believe the concept was fine in principle while deploring the forced sterilization and abortion campaigns conducted in the Third World as part of the postwar global population control effort.    Read more : HERE

Debunking Climatism

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   The Science and Global Politics of Climate Change    Lord Christopher Monckton of Brenchley
   This Special Report on global warming gives a pragmatic, factual insight into climate science, economics and policy, and offers sensible, straightforward, affordable answers to the key questions now before the international community.    The world faces many real environmental problems. In any view, however, global warming is not one of them. Science shows that the world will not warm dangerously. Even if warming were to prove severe, focused adaptation to its consequences would be the most cost-effective approach.    Read more : HERE

   Global Warming Fraud: Sinking Polar Bears on Melting Ice a Hoax?    International Buisiness Times
   (NaturalNews) Images of periled polar bears sinking into arctic seas because of melting polar ice caps have become an iconic symbol of the devastating consequences of so-called global warming. But a new government investigation into the supposed science surrounding this now-infamous urban legend has revealed that it was likely nothing more than a pseudoscientific hoax propagated by faulty math and perfunctory observations.
   According to a recent report by Human Events, special investigators from the US government's Interior Department (ID) have found that a scientific paper published in a 2006 issue of the journal Polar Biology is filled with baseless assumptions about four specific polar bear deaths -- and this eventually became the foundational argument for the fight against global warming. But in reality, the deaths may have had nothing to do with melting ice caps, and everything to do with a simple windstorm.    Read more : HERE